It-timbru tal-President

Waqt li inti qiegħed taqra dan l-artiklu, l-Eċċellenza Tiegħu il-President  qiegħed  fir-Renju Unit wara li attenda għall-inawgurazzjoni tal-logħob tal-Commonwealth. Huwa telaq minn Malta nhar l-Erbgħa fil-għodu.

Hekk kif l-ajruplan tal-Air Malta bl-Eċċellenza tiegħu fi triqtu lejn Birmingham inqata’ mill-art, l-Aġent President il-Professor Frank Bezzina kien fl-uffiċċju tal-President qiegħed jiffirma l-liġi bl-emendi tal-IVF. L-istess liġi li Dr Vella kien ilu ġranet sħaħ jirrifjuta li jiffirma.

L-istorja ma tieqafx hawn. Meta l-President, George Vella, irrifjuta li jiffirma huwa mar lil hinn mill-awtorità li tagħtih il-liġi u dan billi hu ma għandu l-ebda diskrezzjoni dwar kif jista’ jaġixxi: għandu jagħti l-kunsens tiegħu bla dewmien. Hekk jistabilixxi l-artiklu 72 tal-Kostituzzjoni tar-Repubblika ta’ Malta.

Anke l-Eċċellenza Tiegħu hu soġġett għal-liġi, f’dan il-każ il-Kostituzzjoni. Li jirrifjuta li jimxi ma dak li tgħid il-liġi, f’dan il-każ il-Kostituzzjoni, hu ksur serjissimu tar-responsabbiltajiet Kostituzzjonali Tiegħu. Fil-fehma tal-partit tiegħi dan hu suffiċjenti biex ikun ikkunsidrat li Dr George Vella jitneħħa mill-kariga ta’ President tar-Repubblika. L-Eċċellenza Tiegħu messu jkun ta’ eżempju dwar kif inbaxxu rasna għas-saltna tad-dritt. Kif nippretendu li ħaddiehor jaqdi dmiru jekk il-Kap tal-iStat jaġixxi b’dan il-mod u jagħti l-agħar eżempju possibli?

Għad baqa’ ċans biex il-Parlament jikkunsidra t-tneħħija ta’ Dr George Vella mill-ħatra u dan minħabba l-imġieba tiegħu li hi kemm inaċċettabbli kif ukoll illegali.

Imma l-Parlament għandu bżonn li jmur lil hinn minn ċensura qawwija ta’ Dr George Vella.  Għandu jikkunsidra fil-fond ir-rwol tal-President tar-Republika. Speċifikament għandu jkun ikkunsidrat li l-President ma għandux ikun sempliċi timbru imma li possibilment ikollu poter li jibgħat lura għand il-Parlament dawk il-liġijiet li fil-fehma tiegħu ma jkunux kompatibbli mal-kostituzzjoni.

Fis-sottomissjonijiet li l-partit li jiena immexxi kien għamel lill-Konvenzjoni Kostituzzjonali konna iffukajna fuq din il-materja, fost affarijiet oħra.  Fid-dokument li ippreżentajna lill-konvenzjoni, fis-sezzjoni intitolata : Il-President tar-Repubblika: ħatra u responsabbiltajiet, il-partit kien ippropona li l-President għandu jkollu id-dritt li jibgħat lura quddiem il-Parlament liġi biex din tkun ikkunsidrata mill-ġdid kemm-il darba fil-fehma tiegħu din il-liġi ma tkunx kompatibbli ma’ dak li tipprovdi l-Kostituzzjoni.  

Il-President, meta jidħol fil-ħatra, jiddikjara li hu/hi ser jiddefendi l-Kostituzzjoni. Imma minkejja li jassumi fuqu dan l-obbligu m’għandux għodda kostituzzjonali biex dan ikun jista’ jagħmlu.  Il-proposta tagħna ilha li ppreżentajniha kważi tlett snin. Biha ipproponejna l-għodda kostituzzjonali meħtieġa  li permezz tagħha l-Eċċellenza Tiegħunil-President ikun jista’ jaġixxi  b’mod responsabbli u bis-saħħa tal-liġi, f’ċirkustanzi serji fejn dan ikun meħtieġ. Konna pproponejna ukoll li jekk il-Parlament ma jibdilx jew jimmodifika il-posizzjoni tiegħu għas-sodisfazzjon tal-President dan ikollu l-possibilità li jibgħat il-liġi in kwistjoni quddiem il-Qorti Kostituzzjonali għal deċiżjoni finali. Hekk isiru l-affarijiet bis-serjetà.

B’dan il-mod l-uffiċċju tal-President ma jibqax sempliċi timbru kostrett li jgħid iva bilfors, inkella jopera barra mill-parametri tal-liġi. Dak li għamel il-President f’dawn il-ġranet hu gravi u setgħet inħolqot kriżi kostituzzjonali. Mhux l-ewwel darba li konna fix-xifer lijinqala’ incident simili. Xi snin ilu President ieħor kien indika (privatament) li ma kienx komdu li jiffirma il-liġi dwar l-Unjoni Ċivili (Att IX tal-2014).  Biex jikkalma s-sitwazzjoni u jevita kriżi Kostituzzjonali l-Gvern ta’ dakinnhar kien ippospona ftit il-vot finali fil-parliament sakemm laħaq inħatar President ġdid. Il-liġi dwar l-Unjoni Ċivili, fil-fatt kienet ġiet iffirmata mill-President nhar is-17 t’April 2014, tlettax-il jum wara li bdiet il-Presidenza ta’ Marie Louise Coleiro-Preca.

Jagħmel tajjeb il-Parliament jekk jikkunsidra din il-materja issa u jikkunsidraha sewwa. Hu essenzjali li l-President tar-Repubblika jkollu l-għodda kostituzzjonali biex ikun jista’ jaħdem b’mod responsabbli u skond il-liġi. Iktar ma dan isir malajr, aħjar.

ippubblikat fuq : Illum: 31 ta’ Lulju 2022

The Presidential rubberstamp

While you are reading through this article, His Excellency President George Vella is in the United Kingdom – after attending for the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games. He left these islands on Wednesday morning.

As soon as the Air Malta plane taking His Excellency to Birmingham was in the air, the Acting President Professor Frank Bezzina was at the President’s desk signing into law the IVF amendments. Those same amendments which Dr Vella refused to sign in the days before.

This is not the end of the story. By refusing to give his assent the President, George Vella, acted beyond his authority as in terms of law he had no discretion on the matter: he had to signify his assent without delay, as established by article 72 of the Constitution.

Even His Excellency is subject to the law, in this case the Constitution. His refusal to follow what is prescribed by the law is a serious breach of his Constitutional responsibilities, and, in the view of my party this gives rise to valid reasons to consider the impeachment of Dr George Vella from his Presidential duties. His Excellency should show us the way as to what it means to be subject to the rule of law. How do we expect others to carry out their duties if the Head of State acts in this way: the worst possible example?

There is still time for Parliament to consider impeachment proceedings against Dr George Vella and remove him from office in view of his unacceptable and illegal behaviour.

Parliament needs, however, to go beyond clearly censuring Dr George Vella. It is essential to consider in some depth the role of the President of the Republic. Specifically, it should consider whether the President should be just a rubberstamp or else whether he or she should have limited powers of review over Parliament’s legislative authority.

In submissions which the party that I lead presented to the Constitutional Convention we focused on this specific matter, among other issues. In a section of the document submitted to the Convention, entitled, The President of the Republic: appointment and responsibilities, my party proposed that the President should have the right to send legislation back to Parliament for its reconsideration, if, in his view such legislation runs counter to the provisions of the Constitution.

The President, on assuming office, declares that he/she will do all it takes to defend the Constitution. He/she is not however equipped with any (constitutional) tools with which to carry out his responsibilities. The Green proposal presented almost three years ago for the consideration of the Constitutional Convention identifies an essential tool with which His Excellency the President can act responsibly within the parameters of the law. We further proposed that should Parliament refuse to budge the President should refer the matter to the Constitutional Court for a final decision.  This is the manner in which the Presidency should function. Much better than the present-day theatrics.

In this manner the President’s office would not be a mere rubberstamp, constrained to assent or else act outside the parameters of the law.  The President’s actions in the past days conveyed the worst possible message. It almost happened some years ago when another President had (privately) indicated that he would not assent to legislation relative to Civil Unions (Act IX of 2014). In order to avert a Constitutional crisis government had then slightly delayed the final vote in parliament, timing it with the swearing in of a new President. The Civil Unions Act was in fact signed on the 17 April 2014, just thirteen days into the Presidency of Marie Louise Coleiro-Preca.

Parliament would do well to consider the issue further. It is essential that the President of the Republic is adequately equipped with the necessary constitutional tools in order that he can carry out his duties in a responsible manner and within the parameters of the law. The sooner this is done, the better.

published in The Malta Independent on Sunday: 31 July 2022

L-uġiegħ ta’ ras tal-President tar-Repubblika

Il-President George Vella ma iffirmax il-liġi li taġġorna l-liġi tal-IVF għax għandu riżervi kbar dwarha.

Dan hu normali u mhiex xi ħaġa ġdida.

Il-Kostituzzjoni kif inhi illum, imma, ma tagħtihx il-fakolta li joqgħod jaħsibha għax tobbligah li jiffirma l-liġi bla dewmien. Hu għalhekk li l-bieraħ kont kritiku tal-President u tkellimt dwar proposta li għandu jitneħħa mill-kariga.

Il-partit li jiena immexxi diġa ippubblika soluzzjoni possibli għal din il-kriżi, li bla dubju, issa li nħoloq l-ewwel każ ser tirrepeti ruħha f’ċirkustanzi oħra li għad iridu jinqalgħu.

Fid-dokument li ippreżentajna lill-konvenzjoni kostituzzjonali konna għamilna proposta ċara li biex iħares u jiddefendi l-Kostituzzjoni kif stabilit fil-ġurament tal-ħatra, il-President għandu jkollu is-setgħa li, kemm-il darba jkun hemm dubju serju dwar il-kostituzzjonalità ta’ xi liġi approvata mill-Parlament, jibgħat lura quddiem l-istess Parlament il-liġi in kwistjoni biex din tkun ikkunsidrata mill-ġdid.

Din il-proposta ilna li għamilniha u għadha valida sal-lum.

Min irid jaqra id-dettalji dwarha jagħfas hawn u jmur fis-sezzjoni 12 intitolata: Il-President tar-Repubblika: ħatra u responsabbiltajiet. (paġna 15 sa 18).

The Impeachment of Dr George Vella

Parliament has approved controversial legislation relative to IVF on the 6 July 2022.

The approved legislation was sent to the Office of the President of the Republic in order that he concludes the legislative process by assenting to the approved bill.

Article 72 of the Constitution provides that “When a bill is presented to the President for assent, he shall without delay signify that he assents.” The bill has been on the President’s desk for many days and he has not given his Presidential assent. He should signify that he assents without delay. There are no ifs and buts.

This lack of Presidential assent “without delay” is in breach of the Constitutional responsibilities of the President of the Republic.

In statements made to the press over the past days it has been made amply clear that Dr George Vella is reluctant to assent to the approved IVF Bill. This is clearly unacceptable and runs counter to his Constitutional responsibilities as President of the Republic.

A Green MP would by now have presented a motion for the impeachment of Dr George Vella and his removal from the office of President of the Republic for failing to shoulder his Constitutional responsibilities “without delay”.

There are no Green MPs. Discriminatory electoral legislation is currently being contested in our law courts, an initiative of ADPD-The Green Party.

Will anyone of the 79 Members of Parliament take the initiative?

Ethical pluralism: the next steps

Malta’s divorce referendum in 2011 has reinforced ethical pluralism in the Maltese islands.

The intensive debate on civil rights, IVF and abortion are a direct result of the divorce referendum. All this would not have been possible without the positive 2011 divorce referendum result. Prejudices and inhibitions are being slowly overcome.

The debate on civil rights is substantially settled, even though there is always room for improvement. The IVF debate is works in progress: with the PN having buckled under pressure as a result of Bernard Grech’s U-turn in Parliament on Wednesday, even this debate seems to be on track towards a possible satisfactory conclusion. In particular Bernard Grech rightly discarded the reaction of his health spokesperson Stephen Spiteri.

The next steps relate to the abortion debate.

ADPD – The Green Party is only one of two political parties in Malta to support the decriminalisation of abortion and the introduction of abortion in limited circumstances, that is to say when the pregnant woman’s life is in manifest danger, in respect of a pregnancy which is the result of violence (rape and incest) and in respect of a non-viable pregnancy.

Early this week the Women’s Rights Foundation (WRF) has gone a step further. Through a judicial protest it has taken the State Advocate as well as the Health and the Equality Ministers to task on abortion legislation arguing that current abortion legislation discriminated against all persons who can get pregnant and obstructed them from making choices in their private lives. The judicial protest submitted on behalf of more than 188 potential mothers is the first shot in what promises to be a long drawn up legal battle, right up to Strasbourg’s European Court of Human Rights, should this be necessary.

The abortion debate has been and will remain highly emotional. To date Malta’s predominantly conservative institutions have been intolerant and have done their utmost to obstruct this debate from developing. This situation cannot and will not last much longer as it is inconceivable in this day and age to further obstruct the co-existence of contrasting values: ethical pluralism is here to stay.

The decriminalisation of abortion and its possible legalisation, irrespective whether limited or otherwise, signifies one basic and important decision. It means that that the state no longer takes the decision on your behalf but rather that you will be able to take your own decision, subject to a regulatory framework which sets reasonable limits.  

It is estimated that around 400 Maltese women every year opt for an abortion. Some go abroad, others take pills, without medical supervision, which pills they receive through the post. Others resort to backstreet abortions. Prohibiting and criminalising abortion only drives it underground, away from the medical services, as a result exposing women to death or serious medical repercussions.

Therapeutic abortion is already permissible in the Maltese islands although this is not that clear in Maltese legislation. The way forward in the debate is to realise that abortion legislation in Malta, first enacted over 160 years ago, is not fit for purpose and needs a complete overhaul. It requires to be brought in line with medical and scientific progress over the years.

Decriminalisation and legalisation of abortion in limited circumstances should be the way forward. No woman who opts for an abortion for whatever reason should be subject to criminal law. Any woman in such circumstances needs help, empathy and not state prosecution. This is the way forward.

published in Malta Independent on Sunday : 19 June 2022

IVF : Id-dibattitu qed jddiġenera

 

Hawn fuq qed nippubblika l-istrixxa ta’ fuq ta’ video share li għamel fuq facebook il-Partit Demokratiku dwar waħda mill-MPs tal-Partit Laburista. Qed nippubblika biss biċċa għax ma irridx inkun kompliċi fl-insulti. Ta’ l-inqas irrid inħalli l-isem/ritratt tal-MP insulentata barra.

Possibli li dawn m’għandhomx ideat aħjar dwar kif tkun il-politika l-ġdida?

Qaluli li issa dan il-video neħħewh imma mhux wara li komplew iniġġsu d-dibattitu.
Id-dibattitu hu minnu innifsu emottiv. Għandek liema veduta għandek. Imma possibli li m’aħniex kapaċi niddiskutu bil-kalma?

Dan il-pajjiż jixraqlu ħafna aħjar.

L-IVF mhux kapriċċ: (6) Il-medjazzjoni tal-President tar-Repubblika

L-offerta tal-President tar-Repubblika Marie Louise Coleiro-Preca li timmedja mhux ta’ min jinjoraha. Il-President ġustament triq diskussjoni serja li tirrispetta s-serjetá tas-suġġett. Trid brejk fuq l-għaġġla li għandu l-Gvern.

Il-punt tat-tluq għandu jkun il-pluraliżmu etiku. Għandna nirrispettaw l-ideat u l-idejali ta’ xulxin kif manifestati f’valuri li jikkuntrastaw sostanzjalment.

Id-diffikultá li qed timmanifesta ruħha fid-diskussjoni pubblika kurrenti hi l-insulti gravi u l-bombastiċitá fl-argumentazzjoni. Bħal meta t-Tabib Godfrey Farrugia ddeskriva l-emendi għal-liġi tal-IVF bħala l-bidu ta’ ġenoċidju.

Il-medjazzjoni tal-President trid twassal biex kulħadd jirrealizza li qegħdin fis-seklu 21 !

L-IVF mhux kapriċċ: (5) Jedd għall-informazzjoni u d-drittijiet tat-tfal

L-emendi ippreżentati għal-liġi tal-IVF issa ser jippermettu li issir donazzjoni kemm tal-bajda kif ukoll tal-isperma.

Minn dak li qal il-Ministru Chris Fearne huwa u jippilota l-liġi, l-ulied ser ikollhom il-jedd li jkunu jafu min huma l-ġenituri naturali tagħhom. Tajjeb li dan qiegħed jingħad issa, avolja ftit tard, għax m’hemmx lok għal segretezza. Hu dritt li tkun taf l-egħruq tiegħek, li tkun taf min nisslek.

Imma hu importanti ukoll li min jirċievi d-donazzjoni ukoll ikun jaf l-identitá ta’ min qed jagħti din id-donazzjoni. Bħalma huwa neċessarju li kull donazzjoni tkun eżaminata ukoll (screened) għall-potenzjal li tiġġenera mard ġenetiku.

Min ser jagħmel użu mill-IVF għandu bżonn l-għajnuna. Għalhekk huwa essenzjali li l-problemi innaqqsuhom mhux inżiduhom.

Il-liġi hi iffukata wisq fuq “id-dritt li jkollok it-tfal” u ma hemmx biżżejjed ħsieb dwar dawn it-tfal. Hu essenzjali li l-prijoritajiet ikunu ċari.

Huwa ukoll meħtieġ li ma jkunx hemm għaġġla żejda fid-diskussjoni pubblika. Il-Gvern qed jgħaġġel ħafna u mhux jagħti biżżejjed ċans lill-opinjoni pubblika biex tiddiġerixxi biżżejjed dak li qed ikun propost. Hemm diversi punti li jeħtieġu iktar ħsieb għax is-soluzzjonijiet proposti mhumiex ċari. Ikun għaqli għall-Parlament li jidħol f’iktar dettall dwar l-implikazzjonijiet tas- soluzzjonijiet proposti u dan billi fost oħrajn jitlob direttament hu l-assistenza ta’ esperti biex jgħinuh jindirizza d-difetti tal-proposti li qed jipproponi l-Gvern.

ikompli :(6) Il-medjazzjoni tal-President tar-Repubblika

By carmelcacopardo Posted in IVF Tagged

L-IVF mhux kapriċċ: (4) Surrogacy: sostituzzjoni tal-omm naturali

Waħda mill-proposti fl-abbozz ta’ liġi hi li jkun permess li l-omm naturali tkun sostitwita billi bajda ffertilizzata li toriġina minn mara tkun impjantata f’mara oħra, li, jekk it-tqala tirnexxi, twelled it-tarbija hi f’isem il-mara li minna tkun oriġinat il-bajda.

Din il-proposta tindirizza żewġ ċirkustanzi partikolari : l-ewwel fejn mhux possibli għal mara li twassal it-tqala sat-tmiem u t-tieni fejn il-koppja li tkun trid l-ulied tkun koppja ta’ żewġt irġiel.

L-ewwel possibilitá tinftiehem bla diffikulta fil-waqt li t-tieni waħda tirriżulta mill-obbligu kostituzzjonali tal-istat li jassigura li ma jkunx hemm diskriminazzjoni a bażi tal-ġeneru u per konsegwenza li s-servizz tal-IVF jeħtieġ u għandu jkun offrut bla ebda forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni. Din hi l-konsegwenza loġika ta’ politika li tmexxi l-quddiem d-drittijiet ċivili kif rinfurzata mill-emenda kostituzzjonali ta’ xi snin ilu li inkludiet il-projibizzjoni ta’ diskriminazzjoni a bażi tal-ġeneru fl-artiklu tal-kostituzzjoni li tagħtina protezzjoni kontra kull forma ta’ diskriminazzjoni.

Biex l-omm naturali tkun sostitwita jkun meħtieġ li toffri ruħha mara oħra li f’isem l-omm naturali iġġorr hi t-tarbija li tkun qed tifforma tul id-disa’ xhur tat-tqala. Il-proposta tal-Gvern temfasizza li din is-sostituzzjoni ser tkun permessa biss fuq bażi ta’ altruwiżmu u li taħt l-ebda ċirkustanza m’hu ser ikun permess li dan ikun kummerċjalizzat.

Il-proposta hi l-iktar waħda fl-abbozz ta’ liġi li tagħti dimensjoni umana qawwija lill-IVF. Imma hi ukoll l-iktar waħda li tista’ tkun abbużata. Kif ser tiddistingwi bejn kaz ġenwin ta’ altruwiżmu u ieħor fejn jitħallsu flejjes kbar għall-kiri tal-ġuf? Mhux faċli, anke b’regolamentazzjoni stretta.

Hemm ukoll l-argument validu li kull forma ta’ surrogacy jbaxxi lil mara li tkun soġġetta għalih u għandha tkun ipprojibita. Hekk għamlet l-iSvezja. Il-Parlament Ewropew ukoll kien ħeġġeġ biex din il-prattika tkun ipprojibita.Il-mara, b’kull forma ta’ surrogacy tkun trasformata f’fabbrika tat-tfal u lill-ebda wieħed minnhom ma tista’ issejjaħlu iben jew bint. Anke jekk għal “skop tajjeb” is-surrogacy jibqa’ sfruttament tal-mara. L-isfruttament ma jsirx biss meta jkun hemm ħlas.

Il-mistoqsija li teħtieġ tweġiba hi ħwar jekk hux aċċettabbli li biex telimina d-diskriminazzjoni kontra kategorija ta’ bnedmin tassoggetta kategorija oħra ta’ bnedmin għal sfruttament. Għax hekk ser tagħmel is-surrogacy.

Hemm ħtieġa ta’ diskussjoni iktar fil-fomd biex ilkoll nifhmu iktar il-konsegwenzi ta’ dak li qiegħed jiġi propost. L-għaġġla żejda li għaddej biha l-Gvern, anke jekk għal skop tajjeb, ma tagħmel ġid lil ħadd.

 

ikompli : (5) Jedd għall-informazzjoni u d-drittijiet tat-tfal

L-IVF mhux kapriċċ: (3) Mill-friża għall-adozzjoni

Tkellimna fuq l-iffriżar.

Alternattiva Demokratika qed tgħid li min għal raġunijiet ta’ kuxjenza ma jaqbilx mal-iffriżar għandu jkollu d-dritt li juża l-IVF mingħajr iffriżar (opt-out etiku). Għandu jagħti struzzjonijiet lil konsulenti f’dan is-sens. Ovvjament il-konsulenti ser ikollhom diffikultá għax mhux trattament faċli.

Min jaċċetta l-iffriżar għandu ftit inqas diffikultajiet imma għandu ukoll responsabbiltá dwar x’ser jagħmel bl-embrijuni li eventwalment jiffurmaw. Li dawn jintużaw mill-koppja stess li tkun ipproduċiethom hi l-iktar soluzzjoni faċli. F’każ li jiġri hekk ma naħsibx li jkun hemm xi diffikultá. Anzi naħseb li tkun is-soluzzjoni idejali.

Il-problemi jibdew f’każ li l-embrijuni li qed jiffurmaw u li qegħdin fil-friża għal xi raġuni (tkun xi tkun) ma jintużawx. Il-Gvern fl-abbozz ta’ liġi qed jgħid li wara ħames snin dawn ikunu jistgħu jingħataw għall adozzjoni.

Il-proposta dwar l-adozzjoni tal-embrijuni mhiex proposta originali. Kienet saret f’rapport ta’ kumitat parlamentari li kien tmexxa mill-ħabib tiegħi t-Tabib Jean-Pierre Farrugia li kien mexxa kumitat parlamentari magħżul (Select Committee) dwar l-IVF fl-2010. Il-Membri Parlamentari l-ohra fil-kumitat kienu t-tobba Michael Farrugia (illum Ministru) u Frans Agius (MP minn Haż-Zabbar)

Din hi proposta li hi tajba fuq il-karta imma fil-prattika ftit tista’ taħdem għax min irid jaddotta m’hux qed jistenna l-IVF. Min imur għall-IVF jagħmel dan għax ikun jixtieq li l-wild ikun ġenetikament parti minnu. Naħseb li hi preferibbli addozzjoni normali milli addozzjoni mill-freezer tal-IVF għax tkun inqas problematika. Allura jkun iktar għaqli li l-koppji li jagħmlu użu mill-IVF jerfgħu huma stess ir-responsabbiltá sħiħa għall-embrijuni li qed jiffurmaw u li jitqegħdu fil-freezer. Dan minnu innifsu jnaqqas il-problema ta’ kumulu ta’ embrijuni li qed jiffurmaw fil-freezer.

Dan ovvjament ma jsolvix kull problema għax dejjem ser jibqa’ każi li dwarhom ma jkunx hemm qbil. Hu meħtieġ diskussjoni iktar fit-tul dwar x’jiġri mill-embrijuni qed jiffurmaw u li jitħallew fil-freezer.

Il-Gvern qed jgħaġġel iżżejjed. Hemm bżonn jieqaf ftit iktar u jisma’. L-abbozz jista’ jtejbu.

 

ikompli : (4) Surrogacy: sostituzzjoni tal-omm naturali