Standards fil-Ħajja Pubblika: għadna nistennew

Is-sit tal-Ministeru tal-Ġustizzja jindika b’mod ċar li l-Att XIII tal-2017 imsejjaħ Att dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika għadu ma daħalx fis-seħħ. Din il-liġi irċiviet il-kunsens tal-President tar-Repubblika nhar it-30 ta’ Marzu 2017 wara li damet perjodu twil pendenti fuq l-aġenda tal-Parlament. Jidher li għad baqgħalna x’nistennew, għax il-partiti politiċi fil-parlament ma tantx jdher li għandhom għaġla.

Il-liġi tipprovdi għall-ħatra ta’ Kummissarju dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika. Dan il-Kummissarju jista’ jkun approvat biss kemm-il darba jikseb il-kunsens ta’ żewġ terzi tal-membri parlamentari. Fi ftit kliem irid ikun hemm qbil dwar il-ħatra tiegħu jew tagħha bejn il-Gvern u l-Opposizzjoni li, sa fejn naf jien, għandhom ma qablux. S’issa ħadd ma jaf xejn, l-anqas jekk ġewx proposti ismijiet, minn min u x’kienet ir-reazzjoni dwarhom.

Il-liġi approvata tapplika għall-Membri kollha tal-Parliament, inkluż il-membri tal-Kabinett. Tapplika wkoll għal dawk il-persuni maħtura f’posizzjoni ta’ fiduċja (position of trust) fil-Ministeri u s-Segretarjati Parlamentari.

Meta iktar kmieni matul din il-ġimgħa iltqajt mal-Ispeaker tal-Kamra tar-Rappreżentanti, l-Onorevoli Anġlu Farrugia, jiena emfasizzajt li dan id-dewmien biex tkun implimentata din il-liġi dwar l-imġieba xierqa tal-Membri Parlamentari u dawk maħtura f’posizzjoni ta’ fiducja qiegħed jibgħat messaġġ ċar ħafna: li l-Membri Parlamentari m’għandhom l-ebda ħeġġa biex iwieġbu għal egħmilhom.

Jiena niftakar lill-Ispeaker, xi snin ilu, jemfasizza li hu ma kienx sodisfatt mill-kontenut tad-dikjarazzjonijiet tal-assi sottomessi minn uħud mill-Membri Parlamentari. Issa għandu l-għodda biex jinvestiga dwar il-veraċitá ta’ dawn id-dikjarazzjonijiet imma sfortunatament m’huwiex jitħalla jagħmel użu minnhom! Il-Membri Parlamentari għandhom jagħtu kont ta’ egħmilhom, iżda l-fatt li l-liġi dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika għadha ma daħlitx fis-seħħ qiegħed jostakola dan milli jseħħ.

Meta tħares lejn dan in-nuqqas ta’ implimentazzjoni tal-liġi waħdu tista’ tinterpretah bħala tkaxkir tas-saqajn mill-Membri Parlamentari u l-mexxejja tagħhom li jippreferu ma jitqegħdux taħt il-lenti tal-iskrutinjun pubbliku. Imma meta dan kollu tqisu fil-kuntest tar-rapport annwali tal-Ombudsman għas-sena 2017 huwa ċar li dan it-tkaxkir tas-saqajn m’huwiex limitat iżda hu mifrux ħafna. Id-dritt tal-aċċess għall-informazzjoni dwar il-ħidma tal-amministrazzjoni pubblika qiegħed taħt assedju.

Il-kontabiltá u it-trasparenza m’humiex slogans. L-anqas huma negozjabbli. Huma valuri fundamentali li jiffurmaw parti essenzjali mis-sisien tal-istat demokratiku.

Jiena tlabt lill-Ispeaker biex jiġbed l-attenzjoni tal-Kumitat tax-Xogħol tal-Kamra li dan it-tkaxkir tas-saqajn biex ikun implimentat l-Att dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika mhuwiex aċċettabbli. Huwa essenzjali li l-liġi tkun implimentata malajr kemm jista’ jkun jekk iriduna nemmnu li għall-partiti politiċi fil-parlament il-kontabilitá tfisser xi ħaga.

B’żieda mar-responsabbiltá li jinvestiga l-imġieba kemm tal-Membri Parlamentari kif ukoll dik tal-persuni ta’ fiduċja, il-Kummissarju għall-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika ser ikollu ukoll l-inkarigu li jfassal kemm il-linji gwida kif ukoll ir-regolamenti proposti dwar l-attivitá tal-lobbying. Dwar din l-attivitá b’implikazzjonijiet etiċi sostanzjali l-partiti politiċi fil-Parlament ma qablux meta din il-liġi kienet qed tiġi ikkunsidrata quddiem il-Kumitat Parlamentari għall-konsiderazzjoni tal-abbozzi ta’ liġijiet. Bħala riżultat ta’ dan Il-materja intefgħet f’ħoġor il-Kummissarju dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika li meta jinħatar ser ikun hu li jkollu jfassal kemm il-linji gwida kif ukoll r-regolamenti proposti.

Il-lobbying hi attivitá essenzjali fil-ħajja pubblika. Jeħtieġ iżda li issir b’mod li jkun assigurat illi d-deċiżjonijiet mittieħda mill-politiċi jkunu kemm trasparenti kif ukoll b’rispett sħiħ lejn r-regoli bażiċi tal-etika.

Il-lobbying huwa ta’ influwenza kontinwa fuq id-deċiżjoniiet li jittieħdu. Huwa essenzjali li dan issir b’mod mill-iktar trasparenti biex ikun ċar għal kulħadd dwar liema interessi jkunu qed jiġu mmexxija l-quddiem. Dan bla dubju jfisser li ikun meħtieġ il-pubblikazzjoni ta’ ammont mhux żgħir ta’ informazzjoni li presentement hi fil-pussess ta’ membri tal-Kabinett u li ġeneralment tibqa’ fil-files – meta tkun miktuba. Din hi informazzjoni li ġeneralment tkun il-bażi għall-azzjonijiet u d-deċiżjonijiet li jittieħdu.

Bla ebda dubju, il-linji gwida u r-regolamenti dwar il-lobbying iridu jindirizzaw u jirregolaw x’jista’jagħmel membru tal-Kabinett meta jispiċċa mill-ħatra, materja magħrufa bħala revolving door policy. Dan minħabba li s-settur regolat mill-Ministru jkollu għatx għal informazzjoni (kunfidenzjali) li dan ikun kiseb kemm ikun ilu fil-ħatra kif ukoll għall-kuntatti u influwenzi akkumulati fuq dawk li jieħdu d-deċiżjonijiet. Xi drabi għaldaqstant meta Ministru jew Segretarju Parlamentari, hekk kif itemm il-ħatra tiegħu ikun offrut impieg f’dak l-istess settur li ftit qabel ikun dipendenti minnu jeħtieġ li nieqfu ftit. Dan ovvjament għax miegħu iġorr aċċess akkumulat kemm għal informazzjoni miksuba kif ukoll għal kuntatti u influwenza fuq il-proċess deċiżjonali. Il-linji gwida u r-regolamenti jridu jistabilixxu kemm jeħtieġ li jgħaddi żmien qabel ma dan ikun jista’ jseħħ. .

Huwa dan kollu li qed nistennew. Hemm ħafna li jeħtieġ li jsir imma ma jidher li hemm l-ebda impenn biex dan isir.

Ippubblikat fuq Illum : 1 ta’ Lulju 2018 

Standards in Public Life: still waiting for Godot

The website of the Ministry of Justice clearly indicates that Act XIII of 2017 entitled Standards in Public Life Act is not yet in force. This statute received Presidential assent on  30 March 2017 after an elephantine gestation period. It seems that we are in for a long wait as the parliamentary political parties do not seem to be in any hurry.

The Act provides for the appointment of a Commissioner for Standards in Public Life. The Commissioner can only be appointed if two-thirds of Members of Parliament agree with the nomination, and as far as I am aware there has been no agreement so far between Government and Opposition on the matter. The name or names proposed to date are not in the public domain.

The Act applies to all Members of Parliament, including the members of Cabinet. Moreover, it also applies to those appointed to a position of trust in Ministries and Parliamentary Secretariats.

When I met the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Hon Anġlu Farrugia, earlier this week, I emphasised the fact that the delay in implementing this legislation on the ethical behaviour of Members of Parliament and those appointed in positions of trust is sending one clear message: that Members of Parliament are not that eager to be accountable for their actions.

I do remember the Speaker – some years back – emphasising the fact that he was not satisfied with the contents of the asset declarations submitted annually by some MPs. He now has the tools to investigate the veracity (or otherwise) of such declarations but is, unfortunately, being prevented from doing so. MPs should be accountable for their actions, but the non-implementation of the Standards in Public Life Act is preventing such accountability.

On its own, this lack of implementation could be interpreted as a reluctance of MPs and their leaders to be personally placed under the spotlight of public opinion. However, when viewed in the context of the 2017 Ombudsman’s annual report, it is very clear that this reluctance is widespread. The right of access to information on the workings of the public administration is under siege.

Accountability and transparency are not slogans and, moreover, they are non-negotiable. They are fundamental values which underpin the democratic state.

I have asked Mr Speaker to draw the attention of the House Business Committee to the fact that this procrastination in implementing the Standards in Public Life Act is not acceptable. Its implementation is a must if we are to believe that the commitment of parliamentary political parties goes beyond slogans.

In addition to investigating the behaviour of Members of Parliament and that of people appointed to positions of trust, the Commissioner for Standards in Public Life will have the task of drawing up guidelines and a proposal for regulations on lobbying activities. This is another ethical minefield in respect of which there was no agreement between the parliamentary political parties when the draft legislation was under consideration in the Parliamentary Committee for the Consideration of Bills. As a result, instead of spelling out the required regulatory regime, the matter was postponed and added to the responsibilities of the future Commissioner for Standards in Public Life, whoever he or she may be.

Lobbying is an essential and unavoidable element of public life. However, it has to be placed under the spotlight to ensure a fuller transparency of the decisions taken by the holders of political office. In addition to subjecting lobbying to clear transparency rules, it is essential that the ethical issues linked to lobbying are addressed forthwith.

Lobbying continually influences decision-making. It is imperative that transparency rules are applied to lobbying so that it be clear to one and all as to whose interests are being advanced and defended. This would undoubtedly include the publication of a substantial amount of information to which Cabinet Ministers are currently privy, which information (generally) forms the basis for their actions and decisions.

Undoubtedly, lobbying guidelines and regulations have to address the issue of revolving doors recruitment, as a result of which politicians may be available for sale at the taxpayers expense. A policy addressing the issue of revolving doors recruitment would also regulate the cooling-off period required for a Minster or Parliamentary Secretary to take up employment (after termination of office) in the sector which was subject to his regulation authority.

This is what we are waiting for. Like Samuel Beckett’s characters in his “Waiting for Godot”. Godot never arrives.

 

published in The Malta Independent on Sunday : 1 July 2018

Simon Busuttil u d-dmugħ tal-kukkudrilli

Id-dikjarazzjoni ta Simon Busuttil dal-għodu li mhuwiex ser jittollera sitwazzjoni ta kunflitt ta interess bejn il-prattika professjonali tal-Membri Parlamentari Nazzjonalisti u r-responsabbiltajiet parlamentari tagħhom hi pass importanti l-quddiem.

Imma dan hu kollu dmugħ tal-kukkudrilli. Issa wara li nqabdu, qed ixerrdu d-dmugħ tad-dispjaċir. Għax inqabdu, u għall-ebda raġuni oħra.

Dan kien kollu antiċipabbli li jiġri. Min jaf kemm-il darba ġara u ħadd ma qal xejn għax ħadd ma nduna. Inkella kien hemm min ipprova jmewwet kollox bħalma ġara dwar s-sehem ta diversi viċin tal-PN li minkejja li tkellmu kontra l-bejgħ tal-passaporti kienu minn ta quddiem biex joffru s-servizzi tagħhom ta aġenti. Għax huma ukoll għandhom dritt jieklu, mhux hekk?

Ovvjament issa Simon Busuttil qiegħed jieħu passi sodi għax inqabad li kien laxk wisq fl-insistenza għal standards ta imġieba korretta fil-grupp parlamentari tiegħu.

Aħna fAlternattiva Demokratika ilna nitkellmu dwar dan. Uħud minnhom, imma, qieshom mejtin bil-ġuħ.

Nibdew niċċaqalqu ftit meta naqblu li wasal iżżmien li l-ebda membru tal-parlament ma jkun jista jagħmel xogħol ieħor ħlief dak tal-parlament. Spiċċa żżmien tal-parlament tad-dilettanti.

Li Mario de Marco mhux ser jibqa involut fil-kaz tal-Lukanda Hardrock ta Silvio Debono (u l-iżvilupp assoċjat magħha) hu pass il-quddiem, avolja ġie ħafna tard. Forsi fl-aħħar qed jagħrfu l-kitba fuq il-ħajt.

Lobbying risks corruption

 

EU.lobbying

In a democratic society, lobbying is a potentially legitimate activity. It involves the communication of views and information to legislators and administrators by those who have an interest in informing them of the impacts of the decisions under consideration.  It is perfectly legitimate that individuals, acting on their own behalf, or else acting on behalf of third parties, seek to ensure that decision takers are well informed before taking the required decisions. Obviously lobbying should not be the process through which the decision takers make way for the representatives of corporations to take their place.

Free and open access to decision takers is an important matter of public interest. It is perfectly legitimate but ought to be regulated and the resulting information adequately and appropriately disclosed. The difficulty, as always, is where to draw the line. It must be ensured that society protects itself against the corruption risks involved in lobbying when this is secretive and unregulated.

The manner in which Dalligate is unfolding in the EU institutions clearly underlines this preoccupation.  The European Institutions have lobbying rules.  The basic issue of Dalligate is in my view not whether former EU Commissioner John Dalli resigned or was dismissed. Rather, in line with the Code of Conduct for Commissioners, the issue is whether he “acted in a manner that is in keeping with the dignity and duties” of his office when meeting with lobbyists away from the Commission offices, unaccompanied, and such that what went on during the meetings is not documented but known only to a couple of persons. Even if everything said in such meetings was above board, the fact that they were held is itself unacceptable. John Dalli claims, most probably correctly, that he was entrapped by the tobacco industry. Being so naive as to facilitate his own entrapment, it was right that he should go without a whimper. Instead we were regaled with theatrics which have served no useful purpose, not even for John Dalli.

All this is further compounded by the additional very serious allegation that representatives of the tobacco industry met with other senior officials of the EU Commission without these meetings being disclosed and documented.  Emily O’Reilly Ombudsman of the European Union is currently carrying out an investigation at the request of Corporate Europe Observatory on fourteen such meetings.

Corporate Europe Observatory, a watchdog based in Brussels and campaigning for greater transparency and accountability in decision taking, estimates that in Brussels alone there are around 30,000 lobbyists. Compare this to the around 24,000 staff employed by the European Commission as on 31 December 2013 and you get a glimpse of what’s going on in the corridors of Brussels. Lobbying in Brussels is a billion euro industry which seeks to influence and at times deflect political decisions. The regulation of lobbying seeks to place a spotlight on the source of influence and hopefully to counter attempts to derail or deflect political decisions.

There is a continuous debate in the EU institutions on fine tuning the rules regulating lobbying. In 2011 the European Parliament approved an “Inter-institutional agreement on a Common Transparency Register between the Parliament and the Commission”. This register provides for the voluntary registering of lobbyists active in the EU institutions. It is hoped that during the current EU Parliament’s term the registration of lobbyists in Brussels will be a compulsory matter. This may happen when the issues raised by Dalligate are finally addressed, possibly within the next few months.

Closer to home, a Parliamentary Select Committee has concluded its workings on Standards in Public Life. The Select Committee generally did a good job. It produced a final report which Mr Speaker laid on the Table of the House on the 24 March 2014. The report, including the proposed legislation attached to the said report, deals with the behaviour of Members of Parliament (including members of Cabinet) and persons appointed to positions of trust in the public sector (including statutory authorities) primarily with reference to their declaration of assets as well as with reference to a Code of Ethics which has been in force since 1994.  Surprisingly there is no direct reference to lobbying in the workings and conclusions of the Parliamentary Select Committee.

Lobbying, as is normal, is very much existent in Malta too. It would be appropriate if it is addressed by ensuring that it is regulated, documented and disclosed where appropriate. However it seems that currently there are no plans to regulate lobbying in Malta. If we are really serious on tackling corruption at its roots it would be better if the need to regulate lobbying is urgently reconsidered. Together with legislation on the financing of political parties, the regulation of lobbying would create a quasi complete tool-kit in the fight against corruption.

published in The Times of Malta – 21 July 2014

Iva fil-principju: kontrolli fuq il-finanzjament tal-partiti politiċi

AD.Press Conference 080214

Alternattiva Demokratika taqbel fil-prinċipju mal-proposti fil-White Paper dwar il-finanzjament tal-politika iżda taħseb li bosta mid-dettalji dwar il-proposti li saru għandhom ikunu kkunsidrati mill-ġdid.  Alternattiva Demokratika b’mod konsistenti tul il-25 sena tal-eżistenza tagħha dejjem ħadmet favur ir-regolamentazzjoni tal-finanzjament tal-politika u tal-partiti. Alternattiva Demokratika ser tieħu sehem fil-konsultazzjoni pubblika u għal dan l-iskop ħejjiet dokument bil-proposti tagħha li dwaru tistenna li jkollha diskussjonjijiet mal-Gvern.

M’huwiex għaqli li l-awtorita regolatorja dwar il-partiti politiċi u l-finanzjament tagħhom tkun il-Kummissjoni Elettorali. Alternattiva Demokratika qed tipproponi li r-regolatur ikun il-Kummissarju dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika. Il-Kummissjoni Elettorali hi taħt il-kontroll esklussiv tal-partiti politiċi li hemm fil-Parlament iżda l-Kummissarju dwar l-Istandards fil-Ħajja Pubblika, meta jinħatar, bil-qbil ta’ żewg terzi tal-membri tal-Parlament, għandu jkun mhux biss persuna ta’ integrita iżda fuq kollox persuna aċċettabbli għal faxxa iktar wiesa’ ta’ nies.

L-White Paper titkellem ukoll dwar ir-reġistrazzjoni tal-Partiti u tidħol f’numru ta’ dettalji dwar kif għandhom ikunu organizzati. Alternattiva Demokratika, filwaqt li taqbel mal-proposta ta’ reġistrazzjoni tal-partiti politiċi jidhrilha li l-White Paper tidħol f’ħafna dettalji żejda. Kien ikun ħafna aħjar kieku illimitat ruħha għall-essenzjali. Hemm qbil li r-reġistrazzjoni tal-partiti politiċi għandu teżiġi li l-partiti jkunu demokratiċi fil-ħsieb u fil-forma, imma ma hemm l-ebda ħtieġa li din tidħol ukoll fid-dettall ta’ kif taħdem l-organizzazzjoni interna ta’ partit politiku.

Hemm il-periklu  li ma tittieħidx konsiderazzjoni tad-differenzi fid-daqs tal-partiti u allura ukoll fir-riżorsi li dawn għandhom. Filwaqt li Alternattiva Demokratika tifhem u taċċetta li l-kontijiet tal-partiti politiċi għandhom ikunu soġġetti għal verifika, hu innutat li l-White Paper ma tiddistingwix bejn il-partiti l-kbar li għandhom turnover ta’ miljuni fis-sena u Alternattiva Demokratika li t-turnover tagħha ma jaqbiżx il-€15,000 fis-sena.   F’dan ir-rigward Alternattiva Demokratika qed tipproponi li fil-każ ta’ partiti politiċi li t-turnover annwali tagħhom ma jaqbiżx il-€100,000, l-ispejjes konnessi mal-verifika annwali jitħallsu mir-regolatur.

L-qalba tal-proposti fil-White Paper jirrigwardaw id-donazzjonijiet lill-partiti politiċi u kif dawn għandhom ikunu regolati. Alternattiva Demokratika jidhrilha illi l-limiti illi tipproponi l-White Paper huma għoljin wisq. Fil-fehma ta’ Alternattiva Demokratika, filwaqt li donazzjonijiet taħt l-€4,000 fis-sena għandhom jibqgħu protetti bil-kunfidenzjalita’, d-donazzjonijiet bejn l-€4,000 u l-€40,000 fis-sena għandhom ikunu pubbliċi u tingħata informazzjoni dwarhom lir-regolatur. M’ghandux ikunu possibli li donazzjonijiet jaqbżu l-€40,000 fis-sena.

L-White Paper ma titkellimx dwar self mill-partiti politiċi u in partikolari tinjora l-possibilita li s-self jista’ jintuża biex jostor donazzjonijiet u b’hekk ikunu evitati l-proċeduri ta’ trasparenza. Il-White Paper l-anqas ma teżamina l-kontrolli meħtieġa fuq l-attivita’ kummerċjali tal-partiti kif l-anqas ma teżamina kif jista’ jkun hemm iktar kontrolli effettivi dwar l-użu mill-partiti politiċi ta’ propjeta pubblika.

L-ammonti li l-White Paper tistabilixxi bħala l-għola infieq permissibli fil-kampanja elettorali huma għoljin wisq u għandhom jonqsu minn dak propost. Alternattiva Demokratika qed tipproponi illi l-infieq tal-kandidati m’għandux jaqbeż l-€4,000 fil-każ ta’ elezzjoni generali u €20,000 fil-każ tal-elezzjoni tal-Parlament Ewropew. L-infieq fil-kaz tal-elezzjonijiet tal-Kunsilli Lokali hu propost li jkun bejn €2,000 u €4,000 skond id-daqs tal-Kunsill.

L-White Paper tinjora l-limitu neċessarju ta’ infieq mill-partiti politiċi fl-elezzjonijiet. Dan m’huwiex aċċettabbli u jeħtieġ li jkun rimedjat meta titfassal il-liġi.

Matul il-gimgħat li ġejjin Alternattiva Demokratika tistenna illi tiddiskuti l-veduti tagħha mal-Gvern.

Il-helicopter għal Justyne

helicopter AFM

Justyne twasslet l-ajruport malajr bil-helicopter. Għax inkella ma kienitx tlaħħaq, qalulna, u dan minħabba li damu ma iddeċidew. Il-problema ma kienitx Justyne, iżda l-fatt li damu ma iddeċidew.

Il-każ tal-helicopter, kif qalulna, mhux biss ta’ Justyne iżda ukoll il-każ ta’ Lawrence Gonzi. Ta’ meta għamel użu mill-helicopter għal xi tieġ, għall-opra jew biex ilaħħaq jattendi għal xi funeral ukoll. Issemma ukoll meta Lawrence Gonzi għamel użu minn ajruplan tal-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta biex jattendi Palermo għal attivita tal-Partit Popolari Ewropew.

Issa dan kollu huwa tajjeb jew ħażin? Għall-PN Justyne abbużat! Għall-Labour il-PN m’għandux dritt jakkuża b’abbuż għax il-PN fil-Gvern “abbuża ħafna iktar minn hekk”!

Ir-realta’ hi li dan hu każ fejn għandu jkun ċar għal kulħadd liema huma dawk il-faċilitajiet u servizzi li joffri l-istat li jistgħu jkunu użati mill-politiċi kif ukoll taħt liema kundizzjonijiet dan jista’ jsir..

Jiena ma nara xejn ħażin li fiċ-ċirkustanzi partikolari li nqalgħu Justyne utilizzat il-faċilita’ tal-helicopter. Nittama biss li f’ċirkustanzi simili jintużaw l-istess kriterji ma kulħadd.

Jibqa’ l-każ ta’ Lawrence Gonzi. Kien ġustifikat jew le li juża ajrulan tal-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta biex imur Palermo jattendi laqgħa tal-Partit Popolari Ewropew . Jiena kont dakinnhar ikkritikajt il-kaz billi fuq dan il-blog għidt li l-PN jisserva bl-Armata.

L-impenji ta’ Lawrence Gonzi, kienu qalulna dakinnhar, kienu tali li meta tqis kollox dan kien l-unika mod kif jasal għall-laqgħa tal-Partit Popolari Ewropew f’Palermo. Wieħed jista’ jasal biex jaċċetta dan it-tip ta’ argument biss meta jkun ċar li l-Armata mhux ser tintuża biex tissussidja lill-Partit Politiċi. F’ċirkustanzi bħal dawn, meta jkunu ġustifikati, għandu jintbagħat kont mill-Armata lill-partit politiku li jkun utilizza s-servizzi tagħha.

Dan ukoll hu wieħed mill-materji ta’ relevanza kbira għal Standards fil-ħajja pubblika.

Jekk nifhmu dan, il-helicopter għal Justyne ikun sewa għal xi ħaga!