Solidarity: practising what we preach

In the local political lexicon, at times, the significance of Malta’s EU membership is incorrectly equated to the financial input of the union in the financing of the development of the local infrastructure, both physical and social. The role of the cohesion funds and regional development funds, in their various forms, are, at times perceived as the be-all of Malta’s EU policy!

Solidarity is a founding principle embedded in the European Union Treaties: however, it is not sufficiently reflected in the behaviour of both EU states and EU citizens. Solidarity signifies the existence of a commitment for mutual support in time of need. As most are aware, solidarity is much more than a financial commitment of the stronger members of the union who are net contributors to the EU budget. Beyond financial assistance, unfortunately, solidarity has time and again proven easier said than done for the EU member states.

Solidarity is a two-way process: we speak of the solidarity which we expect of others without giving sufficient attention to the solidarity due from us, in particular to our neighbours. Solidarity due to us is a given, however a multitude of reservations seem to apply to the solidarity which we are expected to deliver to our neighbours in time of need.

The criminalisation of NGOs who save lives (thus filling the gaps created by EU state inaction and dereliction of duty) together with the closure of our ports for humanitarian missions is an affront to the basic principles of solidarity. We should not shift onto NGOs and onto the refugees the failure of the Libyan state to control those who are making a quick buck from the refugees’ plight.

The Covid-19 crisis has once more identified that within the European Union, in time of need, when it really matters, there exists a solidarity deficit. Ursula von der Leyen, President of the EU Commission, has earlier this week publicly apologised to the state of Italy for not helping out at the start of the coronavirus outbreak. Addressing the European Parliament, she stated that “too many were not there in time when Italy needed a helping hand at the very beginning”.

Saying sorry is however not enough. A genuine “sorry” needs to be matched by concrete action which changes behaviour, if it has to mean anything at all.

A time of crisis is a time for more Europe. It is a time where the relatively strong should seek the weak to help them out in overcoming the difficulties being faced. In a time of crises no one should beg for help. Solidarity should be forthcoming almost automatically and without any conditions attached.

As we are well aware, this is not news to us, as we have had to bear a lack of solidarity in respect of the impacts of immigration incident on our shores time and again. Together with other EU member states along the extensive borders of the Union, time and again Malta has been left on its own to face the music. There is as yet no general acceptance within the Union that this is an EU problem which requires an EU solution.

In Malta, at times, we fail to understand that the effectiveness of the EU in any specific area is dependent on the reactions from the individual member states.At times, there has been limited agreement on voluntary action to relocate refugees saved from drowning as well as those arriving in Malta on their own or else assisted by NGOs.

So far, the EU has generally been able to agree on one line of action in tackling the influx of refugees: throwing money at the problem. Development aid has also been used with limited success in aiding the rebuilding of those parts of Africa which have collapsed.

Solidarity should be a fundamental value in our operations as a state not just as an EU member state but more so as a state which claims adherence to basic Christian values. Our solidarity is a value which should stand on its own two feet without being conditioned by whether others act appropriately or not. Do unto others what you expect others do to you. Many a times have we heard this said. Isn’t it about time that we practice what we preach?

published in The Malta Independent on Sunday : 26th April 2020

Is-Solidarjetà mhiex għażla, iżda obbligu

Iktar kmieni din il-ġimgħa, Evarist Bartolo, il-Ministru għall-Affarijiet Barranin, b’wiċċ ta’ qdusija artifiċjali, iddikjara fuq it-televiżjoni li kien iddiskuta fit-tul il-kriżi tal-immigrazzjoni li qed tiżviluppa fl-ibħra Maltin mal-Kummissjoni Ewropea, mal-Vatikan u ma uffiċjali mlaħħqin tal-aġenzija tal-Ġnus Magħquda dwar ir-Refuġjati (UNHCR). Ilkoll kienu tal-fehma, qal, li Malta għandha raġun.

Evarist Bartolo qed jipprova jagħti l-impressjoni falza li l-għeluq tal-portijiet Maltin għall-NGOs biex ikunu jistgħu jisbarkaw l-immigranti meħlusa mill-għarqa fl-ibħra ta’ madwarna li qed jiżviluppaw f’ċimiterju hi aċċettabbli u jew raġjonevoli għall-komunità internazzjonali. Il-verità hi ferm differenti minn hekk.

Il-Ħodor, kemm f’Malta kif ukoll fl-Unjoni Ewropea, repetutament emfasizzaw li Malta ma tistax titħalla terfa’ waħedha dawn l-obbligi ta’ salvataġġ. Dan ġie emfasizzat din il-ġimgħa stess fi stqarrija konġunta bejn il-Partit tal-Ħodor Ewropej (EGP) u Alternattiva Demokratika. Is-solidarjetà fjakka jew ineżistenti ma tħassarx l-obbligi ta’ Malta fiż-żona ta’ salvataġġ li hi responsabbli għaliha fil-Mediterran ċentrali.

Hi tabilħaqq sfortuna li tul is-snin, Malta, repetutament ippruvat taħrab mir-responsabbiltajiet tagħha. Ilkoll niftakru meta l-PN fil-Gvern wasal fi ftehim mal-Gvern immexxi minn Silvio Berlusconi fl-Italja biex il-qawwiet tal-baħar Taljani jimbuttaw lura d-dgħajjes mgħobbija bl-immigranti li jkunu telqu mill-kosta Libjana.

Iktar qrib fiż-żmien il-Gvern immexxi minn Joseph Muscat wasal f’xi forma ta’ ftehim sigriet imma mhux miktub (safejn hu magħruf) li permezz tiegħu il-Gvern Taljan immexxi minn Matteo Renzi b’mod li ma waslux iktar immigranti f’Malta għal perjodu twil.

Imbagħad hemm il-każ ta’ Neville Gafà, il-mibgħut speċjali tal-Prim Ministru Joseph Muscat u l-laqgħat li hu kellu ma’ Haithem Tajouri mexxej tal-brigati rivoluzzjonarji ta’ Tripli. Tajouri, mid-dehra viċin ħafna tal-Gvern ta’ Joseph Muscat jissemma f’rapport ta’ ‘l fuq minn 200 paġna tal-Ġnus Magħquda liema rapport hu dwar ksur ta’diversi drittijiet tal-bniedem. Skond l-istess rapport Tajouri hu responsabbli ukoll għal ċentru privat ta’ detenzjoni fejn jinżammu ħafna nies.

Fl-istampa lokali kien ġie rappurtat ukoll li kien hemm laqgħat fil-Libja bejn Neville Gafà, l-mibgħut speċjali tal-Prim Ministru, Joseph Muscat, u uffiċjali għoljin tal-Gvern Libjan. F’dawn il-laqgħat, li għalihom attenda Kurunell mill-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta ġew diskussi l-mezzi li kellhom jintużaw biex iwaqqfu l-immigrazzjoni. L-ismijiet u r-ritratti ta’ dawk presenti kienu ġew ippubblikati.

Dan m’għadux effettiv għax illum jidher li nbidlet l-istrateġija u jeħtieġilna li niffaċċjaw allegazzjonijiet serji fil-konfront tal-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta dwar sabutaġġ tal-opri tal-baħar użati minn dawk li qed ifittxu l-ażil. Qed ikun allegat li s-suldati/baħrin tal-patrol boat P52 qatgħu l-cable tal-mutur li bih kienet għaddejja l-opra tal-baħar b’mod li ħallihom bejn sema’ u ilma fiż-żona ta’ tiftix li hi responsabbiltà ta’ Malta.

Prosit lill-NGO Repubblika li qed tinsisti li issir investigazzjoni kriminali dwar dan l-inċident biex jiġi stabilit eżattament x’ġara u min huwa responsabbli għalih. Kont nistenna li kellu jkun il-Kmandant tal-Forzi Armati minn rajh li jagħti bidu għall-investigazzjoni hekk kif saru dawk li s’issa għadhom allegazzjonijiet. Ma kellux joqgħod jistenna li jkun ħaddieħor li jinsisti li dan isir.

Il-proposta riċenti tal-Ministru Bartolo biex l-Unjoni Ewropeja tgħin lil-Libja b’mod li ittaffilha l-piz umanitarju li qed iġġorr bħalissa kif ukoll biex ikun iffaċilitat li l-komunità internazzjonali tkun tista’ tipprovdi l-għajnuna tant meħtieġa kemm lir-refuġjati kif ukoll lil-Libjani infushom hi pass il-quddiem. Imma tajjeb li jkun ċar illi minkejja d-diffikultajiet kollha fil-Libja nnifisha dan diġa qed isir.

Fil-fatt mill-2014 sal-lum l-Unjoni Ewropeja diġa ħarget għajnuna umanitarja ta’ madwar €50 miljun indirizzata lejn il-Libja.

Sfortunatament la hemm rieda u l-anqas aptit għal soluzzjoni Ewropea fost il-Gvernijiet tal-Unjoni Ewropeja u dan minkejja li erbgħa fost l-ikbar pajjiżi tal-unjoni (il-Ġermanja, Franza, Spanja u l-Italja), xi ġranet ilu ħadu inizjattiva biex il-migrazzjoni tirritorna fuq l-aġenda.

Naħseb li lkoll napprezzaw li s-sitwazzjoni hi waħda diffiċli. Imma anke f’dawn iċ-ċirkustanzi kulħadd għandu jerfa’ r-responsabbiltajiet tiegħu.

Il-Gvern Malti għandu jibdel ir-rotta u flok ma jibqa’ kontinwament ifittex li jipprova jaħrab mir-responsabbiltajiet tiegħu ifittex li jaħdem id f’id mal-NGOs li qed isalvaw il-ħajjiet b’mod li qed jagħmlu ħidma li messha qed issir mill-Gvernijiet. Li jkun hemm min jipprova jimita lil mexxej lemini Matteo Salvini biex ikunu kkriminalizzati l-NGOs iservi biss biex tkompli tixtered il-mibgħeda imżejna b’lingwaġġ taparsi patrijottiku.

Hemm il-ħtieġa li l-Gvern Malti jifhem li s-solidarjetà mhiex għażla, imma dmir.

Ippubblikat fuq Illum : il-Ħadd 19 t’April 2020

 

 

 

Solidarity is not an option but a duty

Earlier this week, Foreign Minister Evarist Bartolo sanctimoniously declared on TV that he had discussed at length the immigration crisis in Maltese waters with the EU Commission, with the Vatican and with senior officers of UNHCR. All agreed, he said, that Malta was in the right.

Mr Bartolo is trying to create a false perception that the closure of Maltese ports to NGOs disembarking immigrants saved from being engulfed in the cemetery developing around us is reasonable and acceptable to the international community. He cannot be more distant from the truth.

Greens, both in Malta and in the EU, have repeatedly emphasised that Malta cannot shoulder its “save and rescue responsibilities” on its own. This was emphasised as recently as this week in a joint statement between the European Green Party and Alternattiva Demokratika. However, inadequate or at times inexistent solidarity from EU member states does not absolve Malta of its international responsibilities from coordinating safety and rescue operations within its area of responsibility in the central Mediterranean.

It is indeed unfortunate that over the years Malta has repeatedly tried to wriggle out of its responsibilities. We do remember when the PN led government arrived at an agreement with the Berlusconi administration in Italy in order that the Italian navy pushes back all departing boats carrying immigrants along the Libyan coast.

Closer in time the Joseph Muscat administration is known to have arrived at some sort of secret but unwritten agreement with the then Renzi led government in Italy such that the arrival of immigrants in Malta trickled down to zero.

What about Neville Gafà, then special envoy of Prime Minister Joseph Muscat and his meetings with Libyan militia leader Haithem Tajouri of the Tripoli Revolutionary brigades? Tajouri, apparently a close acquaintance of the Muscat led government was singled out in a United Nations report for a number of human rights breaches. He is also, according to the same report, responsible for the running of a private detention centre where many are held in captivity.

It was also reported in the press that at a point in time Neville Gafà, envoy of the Prime Minister had accompanied the Maltese Colonel in charge of AFM Operations at high level meetings in Libya to stem immigration. Photographs and names were published.

Apparently this is no longer effective as we now have to face serious allegations of AFM personnel sabotaging rubber boats carrying asylum seekers in Maltese waters. It is being alleged that the crew of patrol boat P52 cut the cable of the motor driving the rubber boat carrying the asylum seekers leaving them adrift in the Maltese search and rescue area. Hats off to NGO Repubblika for filing criminal complaints. I would have expected the Commander of the Armed Forces to initiate an investigation himself without the need for any prompting, as soon as the allegations surfaced.

The recent proposal of Minister Bartolo for the EU to engage with Libya in order to lessen its humanitarian burden and enable the international community to provide much-needed assistance to both refugees and the Libyan people is positive. It is however to be underlined that this is already being done notwithstanding the difficult circumstances within Libya itself.

The EU has in fact disbursed around €50 million in humanitarian aid utilised in Libya since 2014.

Unfortunately there is no will among EU governments for an EU solution even though the four largest EU countries (Germany, France, Spain and Italy), a couple of days ago, have taken steps to push the migration issue back onto the EU agenda.

Everyone recognises that the situation is very difficult. Everyone must however shoulder their responsibilities.

The Maltese government should change tack and instead of constantly seeking ways to wriggle out of its responsibilities actively develop a close collaboration with those NGOs who have volunteered to deploy their own rescue missions to save lives, thereby filling in the gaps left by the EU states. Aping Italian right-wing leader Matteo Salvini in criminalising NGOs only serves to further encourage pseudo-patriotic vitriol.

It is about time that the Maltese Government recognises that solidarity is not an option but a duty.

published in the Malta Independent on Sunday 19 April 2020

In-nies imutu madwarna u Malta iddawwar wiċċha

Il-baħar ta’ madwarna ġie ttrasformat f’ċimiterju. Riżultat ta’ kultura ta’ indifferenza, kultura tal-mewt.

Id-dgħajjes bdew jagħmlu l-ilma u l-immigranti ta’ ġo fihom bdew jegħrqu. Qed jegħrqu fil-baħar fejn Malta hi responsabbli għas-salvataġġ. Il-Kabinett Malti qed jipprova jistaħba wara subagħajh biex għamel bħall-Italja u għalaq il-portijiet.

Bla dubju hemm il-problemi. F’dan il-mument hemm problema ikbar minħabba l-kriżi tal-Covid19. Imma dan kollu ma jnaqqas xejn mir-responsabbiltà tagħna għal dak li jiġri fl-ibħra ta’ madwarna li għalihom għandna responsabbiltà biex nikkoordinaw u nħarsu s-salvataġġ ta’ kullmin ikun fil-periklu.

M’għandniex għażla. Hu obbligu. Hi responsabbilta tagħna minħabba l-posizzjoni ġeografika ta’ Malta f’nofs il-Mediterran. Kien hemm ċirkustanzi fejn il-posizzjoni ġeografika sarrifniha fi gwadann ekonomiku. Hemm ukoll ir-responsabbiltajiet. Din waħda minnhom.

Mhux qed ngħid li m’hemmx min jagħmel ħiltu biex jisfrutthom. Mill-ftit li nafu hemm min iqaxxarhom biex iħallihom jitilgħu fuq dgħajsa li tista’ twassalhom sal-mewt. Imma ħajjithom tant hi miżerja li jippreferu jissugraw il-mewt.

Din hi r-realtà.

L-ebda skuża m’hi ġustifikazzjoni biex jitħallew jegħrqu.

Min ħasel idejh u sab skuża biex jagħlaq il-portijiet irid jerfa’ r-responsabbiltà għal dawn l-imwiet. Mhux f’Malta biss, imma fl-Italja ukoll. Inklużi ukoll il-pajjiżi membri tal-Unjoni Ewropeja li ilhom is-snin jostakolaw soluzzjoni dejjiema. Mhux kulħadd, għax f’uħud minn dawn il-pajjiżi kien hemm min ħareġ għonqu ukoll minkejja l-opposizzjoni tal-lemin estrem fil-pajjiżi differenti.

Kulħadd irid jerfa’ r-responsabbiltà tiegħu. Malta għandha ir-responsabbiltà tagħha. L-egħluq tal-portijiet wasslet għal dawn l-imwiet. In-nies qed tmut madwarna u Malta ddawwar wiċċha qiesu ma ġara xejn.

Malta tal-insara iddawwar wiċċha. Kattoliċissima? Insara tal-figolli, tal-vari u l-pasturi. In-nies? Dawk jitħallew jegħrqu.

Meta kulħadd idawwar wiċċu

Pajjiżna dejjem kien ta’ għajnuna lil min kien fil-għawġ. Bosta drabi konna waħedna. Imma xorta bqajna nagħtu l-għajnuna, għax hekk kien sewwa li jsir. Din l-għajnuna tajniha bil-limitazzjonijiet tagħna. Minkejja r-riżorsi limitati tagħna.

Għamilna dak li kien sewwa u mhux dak li kien jaqbel jew dak li kien konvenjenti.

Mhux kulħadd qabel li nagħmlu hekk. Ġieli ma qablux ftit u ġieli ma qablux ħafna. Imma s’issa s-solidarjetà ma’ tqegħditx fi kwarantina.

Ġenerazzjoni wara l-oħra f’Malta emmnet li trid tagħmel bħas-Sammaritan it-tajjeb: li toffri l’id tal-għajnuna u l-ħbiberija, b’mod partikolari meta kulħadd idawwar wiċċu. L-iktar mument diffiċli meta l-għajnuna hi meħtieġa. Issa, sfortunatament, anke l-Gvern qed idawwar wiċċu.

Għandna l-obbligu li ngħidu li qed jagħmel ħażin u li hu meħtieġ li jdawwar ir-rotta, malajr kemm jista’ jkun.

Hi tal-mistħija li uffiċjal tal-Gvern qal, f’dawn l-aħħar siegħat, li jekk hemm bżonn, jiġu ssekwestrati u wara mgħarrqa d-dgħajjes li jwasslu l-immigranti. Li issalva l-ħajja tan-nies mhiex att kriminali, hi opra ta’ ħniena li jmisshom jagħmlu l-Gvernijiet.

Min jabbuża mill-miżerja tal-immigranti maħrubin jimmerita l-istmerrija tagħna lkoll kif ukoll li jkun ikkastigat tal-abbuż. Imma m’għandniex nagħlqu għajnejna u nkunu aħna wkoll fost dawk li jdawwru wiċċhom. Billi ndawwru wiċċna l-problema mhiex ser tisparixxi. Il-problema kienet u ser tibqa’ magħna minħabba l-posizzjoni ġeografika tal-pajjiż tagħna .

Nirrikonoxxu li l-mezzi tagħna huma limitati, issa iktar minn qatt qabel. B’dawk il-mezzi limitati dejjem tajna l-għajnuna. Għalhekk dejjem tlabna li jkollna lil min jgħinna, għax waħedna mhux biżżejjed, tant hi kbira l-problema.

Il-kultura ta’ indifferenza madwarna hi tal-biki. Hi indifferenza li qatlet u ser tibqa’ toqtol.

Meta kulħadd idawwar wiċċu, l-obbligu tagħna li nagħtu l-għajnuna hu ikbar minn qatt qabel. Anke jekk insalvaw ħajja waħda biss.

Is-solidarjetà hi valur bażiku tagħna ukoll

Il-ftehim li l-immigranti li ilhom jistennew bejn sema u ilma jitħallew jinżlu l-art hu pass kbir il-quddiem. Il-ftehim negozjat mill-Unjoni Ewropeja biex l-immigranti li għandhom dritt għal protezzjoni umanitarja jmorru fi tmien pajjiżi membri tal-Unjoni Ewropeja hu wieħed ad hoc: hemm bzonn li jkun hemm ftehim permanenti fejn kull pajjiż jagħti s-sehem tiegħu fit-twettiq prattiku tas-solidarjetà.

Is-solidarjetà m’hiex one way traffic. Diversi pajjiżi jridu u jippretendu l-għajnuna taħt diversi forom imma imbagħad għaddejjin bi gwerra sħiħa biex huma ma jgħinu lil ħadd.
Is-solidarjetà hi waħda mill-valuri bażiċi Ewropej u l-ebda skuża ma hi aċċettabbli biex tkun imwarrba.

Il-Gvern Malti għamel tajjeb li ftiehem imma għamel ħażin li ħalla in-nies jistennew bejn sema u ilma fil-maltemp għal dawn l-aħħar tlett ġimgħat.

Għandna bżonn soluzzjoni permanenti li tagħti valur prattiku lis-solidarjetà: soluzzjoni li tkun ġusta u Ewropeja.

Il-bully ta’ ħdejna

 

Michael Farrugia, il-Ministru tal-Intern ta’ Malta, għamel tajjeb meta qal li Matteo Salvini m’għandux jibqa’ jilgħaba tal-bully. Salvini, faxxist mil-Lega u Ministru għall-Intern Taljan, qiegħed kontinwament jipprova jikkundizzjona lil Malta dwar kif naġixxu f’din il-kriżi dwar l-immigranti.

Joseph Muscat kien korrett meta emfasizza li l-Gvern għandu quddiemu żewġ għanijiet: li jindirizza l-kriżi umanitarja u li jħares is-sigurtá nazzjonali.

Kien pass il-quddiem, għaldaqstant, meta numru ta’ Gvernijiet Ewropej għażlu li jerfgħu biċċa mill-piż li daħlet għalih Malta meta aċċettat li l-MV Lifeline jidħol il-Port il-Kbir: 237 persuna umana. Avolja tħallew bejn sema u ilma għal ġranet sħaħ ma naħsibx li kien hemm mod ieħor kif numru ta’ gvernijiet ikunu sensibilizzati biex jerfgħu l-piż.

Għalhekk kien pass lura meta l-Gvern ordna li jittieħdu passi kriminali kontra l-kaptan tal-vapur MV Lifeline dwar ir-reġistrazzjoni tal-vapur. F’mumenti ta’ kriżi ma toqgħodx tfettaq imma tfittex li ssalva l-ħajjiet kollha possibli malajr kemm jista’ jkun u tirringrazzja lil min kien strumentali biex dan seħħ.

L-egħluq tal-portijiet Maltin hi kundanna tal-mewt għal dawk kollha bejn sema u ilma. Għax il-gwardja tal-kosta Libjana m’għandha l-ebda interess li issalva l-ħajjiet. Fil-fatt, hekk kif ingħalqu l-portijiet beda jiżdied in-numru ta’ dawk li għerqu bil-gwardja tal-kosta Libjana ċassa.

Lill-bully ta’ ħdejna qed ngħidulu li mhux biss ma nibżgħux minnu imma li kapaċi nkunu agħar minnu ukoll.

L-egħluq tal-portijiet qed iwassal ghall-imwiet

 

In-nuqqas ta’ konsiderazzjonijiet umani li biha l-Gvern Malti qed jittrattata l-kriżi tal-immigrazzjoni li qed tiżviluppa madwarna hi kundannabbli. Jekk biss inħarsu lejn il-kuntest lokali, naraw gvern li qed jilgħab logħba ta’ relazzjonijiet pubbliċi u ta’ poter. Logħba li bla dubju qed jiġi mżeffen fiha mill-gvern faxxista Taljan.

F’mument ta’ kriżi ma tiffokax fuq materji insinifkanti bħar-registrazzjoni tal-vapur imma toffri l-għajnuna kollha disponibbli biex tiġi salvata kull ħajja fil-periklu. Li tipprova tikkriminalizza lil min qiegħed isalva il-ħajjiet hu l-ikbar insult possibli lill-ospitalitá tradizzjonali li l-poplu Malti dejjem wera ma kull min kellu bżonnha.

L-aġir tal-Gvern Malti li ordna li jipproċedu kriminalment kontra l-kaptan tal-vapur MV Lifeline qed ikompli jżid il-mibgħeda diġa mxerrda mill-propaganda populista, kemm lokali kif ukoll barranija.

F’dan kollu, qed tiġi njorata l-umanità, il-qalba ta’ kollox. In-nies qiegħdin imutu, u ser jibqgħu imutu jekk ma jsir xejn. Il-gvern Malti għandu l-obbligu etiku u morali li ma jinjorax l-imwiet li qed iseħħu anke riżultat tad-deċiżjoni rresponsabbli li jagħlaq il-portijiet, biex jimita lill-Gvern faxxista Taljan.

L-att kriminali fuq l-ibħra Maltin ma sarx meta kienu salvati in-nies imma meta ngħalqu l-portijiet Maltin għall-vapuri ta’ salvataġġ immexxija mill-għaqdiet mhux governattivi. Bħala riżultat ta’ din id-deċiżjoni hemm diġa numru kbir ta’ mwiet, li qed jiżdied u seta’ faċilment ikun evitat.

 

(cartoon published in Malta Today)

Il-kaz tal immigranti fuq l-Aquarius

Għamel tajjeb il-Gvern Malti li iddikjara li ser jimxi mar-regoli. Mhux dejjem kien hekk, imma tajjeb li l-Gvern tgħallem.

Is-saga tal-bastiment Aquarius li Matteo Salvini, Ministru tal-Intern Taljan irrifjuta li jħalli jidħol fil-portijiet Taljani jidher li ser jikber. L-Aquarius qed iġorr 629 immigrant li inġabru minn biċċiet tal-baħar f’diffikulta tul il-Kosta tal-Libja. Inġabru mill-Guardia Costiera Taljana jew minn vapuri merkantili f’żona li fiha Malta żgur li m’għandiex responsabbiltá.

Dan hu it-tieni każ f’din l-ewwel ġimgħa tal-Gvern il-ġdid populista Taljan magħmul mil-Lega u Moviment Cinque Stelle.

Kien mistenni li dan ser jiġri u kien għalhekk li iktar kmieni din il-ġimgħa Alternattiva Demokratika, fi stqarrija, għidna li Malta għanda bżonn allejati ġodda fl-Unjoni Ewropeja. Għax il-Gvernijiet Ewropej li ma jħarsux b’lenti tajba lejn is-solidarjetá qed jiżdiedu.

Fl-ewwel ta’ Lulju it-tmexxija tal-Unjoni Ewropeja tgħaddi f’idejn l-Awstrija, pajjiż ieħor fejn il-populiżmu jirrenja. Ma tantx jidhru possibli deċiżjonijiet favur is-solidarjetá fix-xhur li ġejjin.

Kien għalhekk importanti li l-Prim Ministru dal-għodu afferma l-posizzjoni tal-Gvern favur l-osservanza tal-obbligi internazzjonali u li l-posizzjoni li ħa u jibqa’ jieħu l-Gvern Malti hi waħda li tagħti prijoritá li jkunu salvati ħajjiet in-nies.

Dan hu tajjeb u jgħin biex ikun imrazzan it-trewwieħ favur ir-razziżmu. Hu neċessarju li Malta tibqa’ taħdem favur miżuri ta’ solidarjetá tant meħtieġa fl-Unjoni Ewropea.

 

The recycled summit

leaders-of-the-european

 

The Valletta Migration Summit is over. Prime Minister Joseph Muscat has described it as a ‘historic summit’. It seems to me that it would be more accurately described as the ‘recycled summit’.

In one of the last speeches at the Summit, on Thursday morning, Senegalese President Macky Sall encapsulated in a few words the sentiments of the African side when he stated that African nations would have no need of aid if multinationals corporations active on the African continent paid their fair share of taxes and a fair price for the natural (African) resources. Of course President Sall left out an important last sentence: he avoided any reference to corrupt politicians generally in sync with these multinational corporations.

Earlier in the week had seen the 20th anniversary of the judicial killing of environmental activist Ken Saro Wiwa and his colleagues, who were executed on the orders of a secret military tribunal on the basis of trumped-up charges in Nigeria on 10 November 1995. Ken Saro Wiwa and his colleagues had  stood up in defence of the Ogoni people against Anglo-Dutch multinational Shell, who ignored one and all in its intensive corporate greed.

The conclusions of the Valletta Summit are nothing but a re-cycling of measures that have been discussed for some time: EU leaders have continued to focus on returning migrants and outsourcing problems to frontline states. This is an approach that the EU had previously attempted with Libyan dictator Gaddafi who, way back in 2010, had demanded €5 billion as his price-tag to stem the flow of immigrants across the Mediterranean. In contrast, the initial carrot dangled before African heads of state was a mere €1.8 billion. Another €3 billion was simultaneously being offered to Turkey by Frans Timmermans Vice President of the EU Commission.

Bargaining with non-EU countries in the hope of trading EU funds in return for re-admission mechanisms is not the right approach. The original EU proposal of linking funds to a take-back of immigrants who did not qualify for asylum had to be withdrawn as the African side of the Summit refused the bait.

The causes of immigration into the EU are various. They range from repression and civil war to the accumulating impacts of climate change – primarily drought and the resulting collapse of domestic agriculture. Matters are made worse as a result of tribal rivalry, as well as the absence of the strong institutions of a democratic state. Consequently, the resulting vacuum is filled by corrupt politicians who, after taking their fill from accommodating multinational corporations seek to top up their spoils through additional contributions from Brussels.

The situation is tricky for the EU as there is no one else to talk to. It is for this reason that the Action Plan tied the proposed €1.8 billion assistance to specific projects subdivided into sixteen priority areas built around five priority domains.

Will this Action Plan solve anything? It is too early to tell, as it is a long-term issue which will be implemented within a number of timeframes specified in the plan itself. The main point of contention remains the immediate short term, during which the pressures on the EU borders will keep increasing to the point that, as Donald Tusk indicated, the whole Schengen process is under threat.

In this context it is pertinent to underline that Malta has recently been spared the troubles as the flow of immigrants ending in Malta has decreased to a trickle as a result of Italy taking up all immigrants that it has intercepted or rescued in Malta’s search and rescue area. The reasons why Italy is behaving in this manner are not yet officially known: the rumour mill has it that oil exploration rights are part of the equation. Originally, Home Affairs Minister Carmelo Abela had indicated that there was some informal agreement with Italy only for him to come back and state that he had been understood.

As stated by Guy Verhofstadt, former Belgian Prime Minister and Liberal leader in the European Parliament : “The EU leaders have let us down.”

While the Valletta Summit has agreed to a reasonably detailed Action Plan which can form the basis of action in the long term, it has failed at containing the migration crisis in the short term.

published in The Malta Independent on Sunday: 15 November 2015