Malta, il-Lussimburgu u l-evażjoni tat-taxxa

Juncker + Muscat

Matul il-ġranet li għaddew segwejna l-informazzjoni żvelata dwar il-Lussimburgu. Kif l-awtoritajiet tat-taxxa tal-pajjiż, fiż-żmien li Jean Claude Juncker kien Prim Ministru innegozjaw ma numru ta’ kumpaniji kbar status fiskali li permezz tiegħu setgħu “jiffrankaw” biljuni kbar f’taxxi.

Din li jiffrankaw fil-fatt ma hi xejn għajr evazjoni legalizzata tat-taxxa. Biex ma jħallsux taxxa f’pajjiż jagħmlu użu mil-liġijiet ta’ pajjiż ieħor. Għal min hu fil-business dan hu aċċettabbli. Fil-fatt meta kien ippressat mill-istampa Jean Claude Juncker qal li dak li ġara kien legali imma jifhem li mhux aċċettabbli etikament.

Għax il-politika m’għandiex x’taqsam biss mal-liġi. Dak li hu legali mhux dejjem huwa aċċettabbli. Fil-prattika, l-Lussimburgu taħt it-tmexxija ta’ Juncker għamlitha possibli lil numru ta’ multinazzjonali jħallsu ħafna inqas f’taxxi.  Dan hu etikament ħażin. Għax ċaħħdet lill-pajjiżi fejn joperaw dawn il-kumpaniji minn taxxi li kienu meħtieġa għal programmi soċjali f’dawk il-pajjiżi.

L-argumenti politiċi li jinġiebu s’issa huma dawk dwar il-kompetizzjoni fiskali. Jiġifieri li ġaladarba t-tassazzjoni hi kompetenza tal-istati membri fl-Unjoni Ewropeja, x’rati ta’ taxxa jitħallsu u minn min hu determinabbli biss individwalment mill-istati membri tal-Unjoni Ewropeja.

Imma issa hemm min qed jargumenta li meta pajjiż jagħti status fiskali privileġġjat lil dawn il-kumpaniji biex jiġbdhom lejn il-pajjiż, idaħħal ftit taxxi minn fuqhom kif ukoll joħloq numru ta’ impiegi konnessi mar-reġistrazzjoni u l-amministrazzjoni tal-kumpaniji, dan kollu hu għajnuna mill-istat (state aid) liema għajnuna mhiex aċċettabbli.

Għalhekk fetħet investigazzjoni dwar il-Lussimburgu li qed titmexxa mill-Kummissarju għall-Kompetizzjoni, id-Daniża Margrethe Vestager.

Hu inevitabbli li dan kollu f’xi stadju ser iħalli impatt fuq is-settur finanzjarju f’Malta. Huwa magħruf li bosta xogħol f’dan il-qasam ġie f’Malta minħabba pakkett ta’ inċentivi li jinkludi rati ta’ taxxa favorevoli ħafna. Fi ftit kliem dawn il-kumpaniji ġew hawn għax jaqblilhom. Jaqblilhom għax iħallsu ftit taxxi ħdejn li jkollhom iħallsu f’pajjiżi oħra. Bħala riżultat ta’ dan qed jagħtu kontribut lill-ekonomija tal-pajjiż kif ukoll qed jiġġeneraw numru mhux żgħir ta’ impiegi.

Il-problema hi li dan kollu huwa ibbażat fuq l-evażjoni tat-taxxa f’pajjiżi  oħra. Hi problema li rridu niffaċċjaw fix-xhur li ġejjin meta l-Kummissjoni Ewropeja tiddeċiedi jekk tiftaħx investigazzjoni dwar Malta kif ukoll dwar pajjiżi oħra fosthom l-Irlanda u dan wara li tiżviluppa ftit ieħor l-investigazzjoni dwar il-Lussimburgu.

Tajjeb li l-istat Malti jiġġieled f’Malta kontra l-evażjoni tat-taxxa. Imma imbagħad hi ipokrezija politika li Malta tfittex li tibbenefika mill-evażjoni tat-taxxa f’pajjiżi oħra.  Jew aħna kontra l-evażjoni jew m’aħniex!  Ma nistgħux inkunu kredibbli bħala pajjiż jekk nibqgħu niżviluppaw l-ekonomija tagħna fuq l-evażjoni tat-taxxi f’pajjiżi oħra.  L-ekonomija u l-etika għandhom jimxu id f’id.

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L-irħula madwar l-ajruport ta’ Malta

ipp

Il-Malta Today illum irrappurtat dwar l-iżvilupp propost fl-Airport Internazzjonali ta’ Malta.

Hemm applikazzjoni pendenti għal Masterplan li tinkludi diversi binjiet.

L-impatti ikkawżati minn dan l-iżvilupp ser ikun sostanzjali fuq il-komunitajiet madwar l-Airport u ċjoe fuq l-irħula ta’ Ħal-Luqa, l-Gudja, Ħal Kirkop u Ħal-Safi.

L-iżvilupp propost ser jiġġenera ħafna iktar traffiku fid-direzzjoni tal-ajruport u per konsegwenza iktar tniġġiż tal-arja.

L-airport ta’ Malta hu airport ta’ pajjiż żgħir, daqs wieħed reġjonali fil-kontinent Ewropew,  u ma jagħmilx sens li jkun fih facilitajiet bħall-ajruporti l-kbar tad-dinja. Il-facilitajiet provduti għandhom ikunu kompatibbli mad-daqs żgħir tal-pajjiż. Għandhom ukoll jieħdu in konsiderazzjoni li tefa ta’ ġebla l-bogħod hemm erbat irħula li fihom hemm diversi negożji żgħar. Kif ser jiġu effettwati dawn in-negozji żgħar? Din mhix biss materja ta’ kompetittivita’, imma fuq kollox hi materja ta’ infrastruttura ekonomika u soċjali fl-irħula tagħna li bi proġetti bħal dawn ser titmermer b’rata aċċellerata.

Fil-ġranet li ġejjin jagħlaq iż-żmien ta’ konsultazzjoni pubblika dwar ir-rapport li jikkonsidra l-impatt ambjentali. Imbagħad ikollna ċans li niddiskutu dan il-proġett f’iktar dettall.

L-ibliet u l-irħula tagħna għandhom bżonn inkoraġġiment biex isaħħu l-infrastruttura ekonomika u soċjali. L-iżvilupp veru ma jkissirhomx iżda jagħihom is-saħħa.

 

Towards a Circular Economy

circular economy

In a recent interview EU Environment Commissioner Januz Potočnik stated that the European Union is en route to the circular economy. A step which he described as being essential in ensuring the EU’s competitiveness.

The circular economy, in contrast to the linear economy is one which respects nature and seeks to utilise the earth’s resources in a sustainable manner.

The linear economy is based on a take-make-waste model, extracting raw materials from the earth and dumping the resulting waste after use.  This is a cradle to grave path for raw materials. The EU’s waste management strategy in conjunction with its Roadmap to a Resources Efficient Europe seeks to decouple the generation of waste from economic growth thus nudging the EU towards a new path: one of green growth.

This is also the basic philosophy of the Waste Management Strategy proposed by the Environment Ministry in Malta and currently subject to public consultation.

Malta’s proposed Waste Management Strategy advocates a policy of waste minimisation, that is, we must make an effort to avoid use of resources whenever possible. In addition it then advocates recycling the waste which is generated. This is done by tackling different waste streams in a manner most appropriate to the materials used in that specific stream. 2050 is the Malta target for achieving a Zero Waste society. An achievable target only if we get down to business immediately.

Waste separation is  an essential prerequisite in order to ensure that effective recycling takes place.   As a result of recycling, the waste from a specific product or process feeds a separate process. This is the manner in which nature functions. Have you ever noted how a tree sheds its leaves? How these leaves slowly decompose and nourish the soil, micro-organisms, insects and plants and actually feed the surrounding eco-system?

We have a lot to learn from nature. Biomimicry, imitating nature, is in fact a branch of study which seeks to apply nature’s lessons to solve many modern day problems. Discarding our throwaway attitudes is one such basic lesson.

Modern manufacturing is characterised by a cradle to grave design. It is the result of a society accustomed to throw away products once their useful life ends.

Applying nature’s lessons hence signifies manufacturing products whose life cycle is no longer one which leads from the cradle (production) to their grave (disposal). Instead of being discarded at the end of its useful life a product gives birth to something else through recycling. Just like nature does when dealing with the tree’s leaves. The cradle to grave cycle needs to be transformed into a cradle to cradle cycle.

This obviously has an impact on the manner in which products are designed.  In their  book  Cradle to Cradle, remaking the way we make things, American Architect William McDonough and German Chemist Michael Braungart explain that life cycle thinking, instead of filtering out the undesirable substances and toxins in a product at the end of the manufacturing process filter them out at the beginning, that is on the drawing board.

A waste management strategy which is based on a resource management approach is linked to these long term aims. It is a long process but one which is finally rewarding.

By separating our waste we facilitate its recycling. When recycling takes place we reduce the take-up of the earth’s resources and consequently avoid using the energy required to extract more resources from the earth.

All this shifts the focus from economic growth linked to activities which harm our surroundings to economic activity which enhances them. This leads to the creation of  green jobs.  It shifts our thinking to one which links prosperity with environment protection.

Resource efficiency is at the core of Europe’s 2020 strategy. It does not only mean doing more with less, that is, being eco-efficient. It requires also being eco-effective, that is ensuring that the consideration of long term impacts features in all our decisions. That means designing the present with the future in mind.

A waste management policy based on resource efficiency is an essential tool in this respect. This is just one example. Plenty of other examples can be found in appropriate policies to manage our water resources, our land use, our heritage.

All this leads back to the circular economy which is not just a green way of organising our economy.  It is a different way of life. A way of life which is not antagonistic to our surroundings but one which is in harmony with them.

This is what sustainable development is all about. It seeks to redimension the manner we think.. Having just one Earth we must realise that we cannot have another try if we succeed in ruining the present one.  There is no Plan B.

The circular economy is an adequate tool which can set us back on track.

published in The Times, Saturday November 2, 2013