Abstract and main results of report commissioned by the
European Greens-European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
Pesticides are ubiquitous in our environment and food. Many pesticides are reported to induce health issues including cancer, neurological pathologies and endocrine disruption. The Greens/EFA Group set up a large-scale campaign to measure human exposure for a selection of 30 pesticides, reported as endocrine disruptors, among EU population.
Hair analysis has been chosen to investigate pesticides exposure because hair is a unique and reliable biomonitoring tool to investigate long term chronic exposure. Moreover, xenobiotics that are present in blood are incorporated into the hair structure during hair synthesis in the scalp and incorporated substances have increased stability. As hair grows about 1 cm per month, the analysis of each centimetre informs about average exposure over a one-month period. In addition, hairs are easy to sample and to ship to the laboratory.
148 hair samples were collected from 6 EU countries: Germany, Denmark, United Kingdom (Wales), Italy, France and Belgium between end of July and October 2018. Samples were analysed to search for a selection of 30 pesticides including insecticides, fungicides and herbicides.
Main results of the study indicate:
15 pesticides out of 30 were detected at least one time
60.1% of analysed samples contain at least one pesticide residue
23.6% of analysed samples contain at least two pesticide residues
Most occurring pesticides are:
fipronil (insecticide) found in 29.7% of samples,
propiconazole (fungicide) found in 18.9% of samples,
permethrine (insecticide) found in 18.9% of samples,
chlorpyriphos-ethyl (insecticide) found in 10.1% of samples
Highest proportion of sample with pesticide residues (84.6%) was found for the United Kingdom (Wales)
Lowest proportion of sample with pesticide residues (44.1%) was found for Germany
Highest number of different pesticide residues (4) was found for 4 samples from Belgium
Highest concentration of pesticide residues (3941.9 pg/mg) was found for one sample from France
Populations from the 6 countries studied are exposed to variable number and quantity of pesticides depending on their country and their age category.
full report accessible here